Civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born on this day in 1913. In 1955, her simple action of refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus made her a role model of the civil rights movement.
Did you know?
Months before Rosa Parks, a 15-year-old girl refused to give up her seat on a bus. The NAACP had considered using Claudette Colvin’s case to challenge the segregation laws, but when it was revealed that Colvin had become pregnant, they reconsidered believing that an unwed pregnant teen might not be the best symbol for the movement. As an advisor for the NAACP Youth Council, Rosa Parks had mentored Colvin, and both of these women, and many other brave activists like them, were the force that prompted change during the Civil Rights Movement in America.